São Tomé e Príncipe

Record Public


São Tomé e Príncipe is an island country located in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western coast of Africa. Its territory includes the island of São Tomé, Príncipe island and several islets.
Their national network of protected areas covers approximately 30% of the territory.
In São Tomé e Príncipe regularly occurs over 60 species of birds. A highlight to the high number of endemic species (24 endemic species and 17 endemic subspecies), which is comparable to the Galápagos islands and the Hawaiian archipelago.

Ornithological importance

In São Tomé e Príncipe approximately 24 endemic species occur. Of these, 16 occur only on the island of São Tomé, such as the Dwarf Olive Ibis (Bostrychia bocagei), the Giant Sunbird (Nectarinia thomensis), the Sao Tome Scops-owl (Otus hartlaubi), the Sao Tome Fiscal (Lanius newtoni) and 6 only on the island of Príncipe: the Principe Thrush (Turdus xanthorhynchus), the Principe Thrush-babbler (Horizorhinus dohrni), the Principe Sunbird (Nectarinia hartlaubii), the Principe Speirops (Speirops leucophoeus), the Principe Glossy-starling (Lamprotornis ornatus) and the Principe Golden Weaver (Ploceus princeps). In the Tinhosa islets, there are important colonies of seabirds, such as the Sooty Tern (Sterna fuscata), the Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster) and the Brown Noddy (Anous stolidus).

Geographic information

0.934566°, 7.134976°
Up to 2024m


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Land uses

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Conservation status

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Information in English
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