Record Public


Spain is located in southwestern Europe and its territory includes part of the Iberian Peninsula, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and two enclaves in North Africa, Ceuta and Melilla.
Their national network of protected areas covers 9.1% of the territory. The Natura 2000 network covers approximately 30% of the territory.
In Spain, over 350 bird species appear regularly. Highlight to the presence of species whose distribution is restricted to the Mediterranean basin, its territory take part of two migratory routes (the trans-Saharan and seabirds and shorebirds) and exist in the islands five endemic species and important seabird colonies.

Ornithological importance

In Spain 5 endemic species occur in Canary archipelago: Dark-tailed Laurel Pigeon (Columba bollii), White-tailed Laurel Pigeon (Columba junoniae), Fuerteventura Stonechat (Saxicola dacotiae), Blue Chaffinch (Fringilla teydea) and the Canary Islands Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus canariensis). Equally of notice is the occurrence in the Canary archipelago of Berthelot’s Pipit (Anthus berthelotii) which is endemic to Macaronesia, and the Balearic Islands are the only nesting area of one of the world's rarer shearwaters: Balearic shearwater(Puffinus mauretanicus). In mainland Spain, highlighting the occurrence of the Great Bustard (Otis tarda), the Spanish Imperial Eagle (Aquila adalberti), the Dupont's Lark (Chersophilus duponti), the Pin-tailed Sandgrouse (Pterocles alchata), the Black Wheatear (Oenanthe leucura), the Spotless Starling (Sturnus unicolor), the Iberian Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus ibericus) and Azure-winged Magpie (Cyanopica cyanus).

Geographic information

40.414082°, -3.697543°



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Land uses

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Conservation status

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Since 01/01/1974
Information in English
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