Peneda-Gerês National Park

National Park, PAN Park
Record Public


The Peneda-Gerês National Park is located in the North of Portugal, along the border with Spain.
This area includes the Castro Laboreiro and Mourela plateaus and parts of the mountains of Peneda, Soajo, Amarela and Gerês. In the altitude zones are visible the effects of the last glaciation: cirque glacier, morays and U-shaped valley.
In the area there are the following habitats: mountains with steep slopes, rocky outcrops, extensive areas of stony ground, streams, mountain meadows, farms, scrubs and forests.
In the forests the oak predominates, but there are also formations with holly, arbutus, pine and birch. In the scrubs of the higher altitudes zones predominate the broom, heather and the carqueja.

Ornithological importance

In this area there is a record of 120 species, highlighting the Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), Short-toed Snake-eagle (Circaetus gallicus), Montagu's Harrier (Circus pygargus), Eurasian Eagle-owl (Bubo bubo), European Honey-buzzard (Pernis apivorus), Whinchat (Saxicola rubetra), Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella), Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), Red-billed Chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax), Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush (Monticola saxatilis), Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago), Red-backed Shrike (Lanius collurio), Ortolan Bunting (Emberiza hortulana), and Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus).

Geographic information

41.821990°, -8.217086°
500m - 1545m

Conservation status

  • National Park
    • Parque nacional da Peneda-Gerês
      Decreto-Lei n.º 187/71, de 8 de Maio
  • PAN Park
    • Peneda-Gerês
  • Special Protection Area (SPA) - National
    • Serra do Gerês
      Rede Natura 2000, através do Decreto-Lei n.º 384-B/99, de 23 de Setembro
  • Special Area of Conservation (SAC) - Natura 2000
    • Serras da Peneda-Gerês
      Rede ecológica europeia Rede Natura 2000, através da Resolução do Conselho de Ministros n.º 142/97, de 28 de Agosto, publicado no Jornal Oficial da Comunidade Europeia, de 29/12/ 2004
  • Biogenetic Reserve
    • Matas de Palheiros - Albergaria
  • Biosphere reserve
    • Peneda-Gerês
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